Please note that in this video I use the terms "Neo-Pagan" and "Pagan" interchangeably. What does it mean to be a Pagan in today’s world? The word ‘pagan’, was used interchangeably with words such as ‘hellene’ (for those worshipping the Greek/Roman Pantheon), ‘heathen’ (‘dwelling on the heath’) and ‘gentile’ (originally meaning ‘of a clan or tribe’, but the word later evolved to mean ‘non-Jewish’). A summary of the modern view is given in Robin Lane Fox, "It would be a great pleasure to make the comparison with what survives to us of ancient paganism in our old books, in order to have better [grasped] their spirit." The word ‘pagan’, was used interchangeably with words such as ‘hellene’ (for those worshipping the Greek/Roman Pantheon), ‘heathen’ (‘dwelling on the heath’) and ‘gentile’ (originally meaning ‘of a clan or tribe’, but the word later evolved to mean ‘non-Jewish’). lol #21 meadowsweet, Nov 22, 2010. So, your friend has just told you they are a Pagan. Romanticist interest in non-classical antiquity coincided with the rise of Romantic nationalism and the rise of the nation state in the context of the 1848 revolutions, leading to the creation of national epics and national myths for the various newly formed states. Paganism (from classical Latin pāgānus "rural, rustic," later "civilian") is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for people in the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism. On the contrary, the people who practiced non-Abrahamic religions had a very distinct sense of identity and nationality based on their geographic region and pantheon. 'Greeks'). This was notably attempted by the Brothers Grimm, especially Jacob Grimm in his Teutonic Mythology, and Elias Lönnrot with the compilation of the Kalevala. share. [72], There are a number of neopagan authors who have examined the relation of the 20th-century movements of polytheistic revival with historical polytheism on one hand and contemporary traditions of folk religion on the other. νες, lit. Joined: What Does Pagan Mean? It occurred in April and May 632 AD, in 10AH of the Islamic Calendar. Trees and rocks are sacred along with every living being. [35], Owing to the history of its nomenclature, paganism traditionally encompasses the collective pre- and non-Christian cultures in and around the classical world; including those of the Greco-Roman, Celtic, Germanic, Slavic tribes. Many Pagan religions do not have a bible or a church. I see a lot of what people assume are Christian traditions have actually come from Pagan beliefs. Isaac Bonewits introduced a terminology to make this distinction.[73]. Great God! How to use pagan in a sentence. Not just the eternal context as postulated by the universal religions such as Christianity, but the local ones, the ones outside and inside our homes. If we think about it in contemporary terms, non-Christians did not think of themselves as ‘Pagans’ any more than native Americans ever thought of themselves as ‘Indians’. ‘Pagan’ quickly became a derogatory term; an accusation of being uncivilised, immoral and a believer of false gods. [37] Similarly, classical pagans would have found it peculiar to distinguish groups by the number of deities followers venerate. This meaning for the term originated from Gothic haiþno (gentile woman) being used to translate Hellene (cf. [52][53] The sacred months of the Arab pagans were the 1st, 7th, 11th and 12th months of the Islamic calendar. Whether used as a creative outlet or an emotional release, journaling is a powerful self-improvement tool that anyone can ... Read More, Are you motivated to lose weight, heal your body, and increase your energy? Atheist asking and I’m beyond confused. Also I would like to learn about some of the rituals and beliefs involved please?Also I'm interested in practising modern high or ceremonial magic as well, can the two run along each other? They would have considered the priestly colleges (such as the College of Pontiffs or Epulones) and cult practices more meaningful distinctions. In the early 1900s, prominent occultist Aleister Crowley founded the Thelema religion and encouraged a wave of neo-Paganism and general interest in mysticism, ceremonial magic and tarot reading. If so, it may be derived from Gothic haiþi (dwelling on the heath). For many centuries, simply being called a Pagan would bring forth prosecution, and quite possibly, death. Even within the same tradition, you will probably find as many different versions of it as there are people. The Jews of the time distinguished themselves from foreigners according to religion rather than ethno-cultural standards, and early Jewish Christians would have done the same. What does it mean to be PAGAN? Europas Blick auf fremde Religionen. What does it mean to be pagan? One thing all Pagans would agree on is that there is no single way of being Pagan. With Baby Witch Bootcamp officially wrapped, it’s time to jump into our next long term series! Page 2 of 2 < Prev 1 2. meadowsweet Member. Many friends of mine are still in the “closet” about being a PAGAN or being WICCAN. They had no tradition of discourse about ritual or religious matters (apart from philosophical debate or antiquarian treatise), no organized system of beliefs to which they were asked to commit themselves, no authority-structure peculiar to the religious area, above all no commitment to a particular group of people or set of ideas other than their family and political context. What does it mean to be Pagan? I believe that all religions are important and need to be respected. [69][70][71], Many of the revivals, Wicca and Neo-Druidism in particular, have their roots in 19th century Romanticism and retain noticeable elements of occultism or Theosophy that were current then, setting them apart from historical rural (paganus) folk religion. Modern Paganism, or neopaganism, includes reconstructed religions such as Roman Polytheistic Reconstructionism, Hellenism, Slavic Native Faith, Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism, or heathenry, as well as modern eclectic traditions such as Wicca and its many offshoots, Neo-Druidism, and Discordianism. pagan customs we still observe in Christmas today, Vegan Keto: What it is and Why You Should Try, Safeguarding Children: What it Means & Why it’s Important. What does it mean for me to be Pagan… [49] The scene in The Bacchae wherein Dionysus appears before King Pentheus on charges of claiming divinity is compared to the New Testament scene of Jesus being interrogated by Pontius Pilate. Odinism has been established on a formal basis in Australia since at least the 1930s. I'm also on the fence at the moment considering religious commitment so I'm also open for other religious influence. To make Centre of Excellence work, we log user data and share it with processors. That is their choice, but not mine. What does it mean to be Pagan? Crowley inadvertently became a source of inspiration for Gerald Gardner, who went on to establish the Wicca religion, where a Goddess and a God are perceived as equal, yin-yang like forces that move the universe. Defining paganism is problematic. Well, it means something slightly different to everyone. Maybe a bit of a surprise. For other uses, see. [75], In Iceland, the members of Ásatrúarfélagið account for 0.4% of the total population,[76] which is just over a thousand people. hide. This question is something that I’ve been pondering as of late. You ask them what that means for them and they tell you they meet with other Pagans at the local pub to learn about modern Paganism from the university Pagan chaplain. Synonyms: heathen, heathenish, idolatrous, polytheistic. Ritual sacrifice was an integral part of ancient Graeco-Roman religionand … (However, most such pagans believed in a class of subordinate gods/daimons—see henotheism—or divine emanations. 6. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of pagans. [30] In the first half of the 5th century, Greek was the standard language in which bishops communicated,[31] and the Acta Conciliorum ("Acts of the Church Councils") were recorded originally in Greek and then translated into other languages. I read tarot cards, runes, and work with a pendulum. However, this is not attested. [32], Heathen comes from Old English hæðen (not Christian or Jewish); cf. 5 [15.05.2013], URL: This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 15:09. The work of the Brothers Grimm influenced other collectors, both inspiring them to collect tales and leading them to similarly believe that the fairy tales of a country were particularly representative of it, to the neglect of cross-cultural influence. However, there often exists a distinction or separation between some polytheistic reconstructionists such as Hellenism and revivalist neopagans like Wiccans. To be a Pagan is to be part of something larger than ourselves. Many topics come to mind, but nothing seemed to “jump” out at me. It is someone who worships the world around them, nature. These preconceptions and stereotypes are all around us; in literature, in the teachings of the Christian tradition, in every form of popular culture. If we look at its linguistical roots, the word ‘Pagan’ derives from the Latin word ‘pāgānus’, which meant ‘related to the countryside’, ‘rural’, ‘rustic’, ‘villager’ and later also meant ‘civilian’. I answer your questions. However, as is the case with many derogatory names given to oppressed groups, Pagans started to slowly reclaim the word, and nowadays use it with pride to describe themselves. This was influenced by Christianity's early members, who were Jewish. Most modern pagans, however, believe in the divine character of the natural world and paganism is often described as an Earth religion. I am used to the shower of questions, followed by more questions, cynicism, disappointment, happiness, and … The word almost entirely ceased being used in a cultural sense. In the Pauline epistles, Hellene is almost always juxtaposed with Hebrew regardless of actual ethnicities. What does it mean to be Pagan? Touching upon the origins, history and diverse practices of the modern pagan. What Do pagan and heathen Really Mean? Do you see now, exactly how many misconceptions we still have about what it means to be a Pagan? [38], Referring to paganism as pre-Christian indigenous religions is equally untenable. [40], Paganism came to be equated by Christians with a sense of hedonism, representing those who are sensual, materialistic, self-indulgent, unconcerned with the future, and uninterested in more mainstream religions. In both cases, those names were given to them by the people who sought to belittle and oppress them. When Christianity was officially adopted by the Roman Empire around the 4th Century CE, a word was needed to describe all the people who still practiced the old, polytheistic religions. Pagan mythology, especially of Celtic and Viking origin, started being reconstructed by writers of the time; soon, pagan myths became intertwined with folklore and fairy tales and interconnected with Christian traditions. I brought up this subject to a good friend of mine (who is not pagan), and she brought up this topic. [45], The developments in the religious thought of the far-flung Roman Empire during Late Antiquity need to be addressed separately, because this is the context in which Early Christianity itself developed as one of several monotheistic cults, and it was in this period that the concept of pagan developed in the first place. Other pagans even preferred the narrow meaning of the word from a broad cultural sphere to a more specific religious grouping. Partly as I seek to better understand myself and as I ponder on an issue that was mentioned on a Wiccan mailing list I belong to. Centre of Excellence uses browser cookies to give you the best possible experience. "[42] In sharp contrast, Swinburne the poet would comment on this same theme: "Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean; the world has grown grey from thy breath; We have drunken of things Lethean, and fed on the fullness of death. 4 4. comments. You can view our cookie policy here. Learn more. Through the rise of Wicca in Europe and subsequently in the US, Paganism increased in popularity and entered a phase of ‘revival’, where neo-Pagans thought themselves as the descendants of ancient witches, Druids and Vikings, among others. Something weird that probably involves worshipping the devil. What does it mean to be a priestess? [35] Early Christians referred to the diverse array of cults around them as a single group for reasons of convenience and rhetoric. Consider, for instance, all the pagan customs we still observe in Christmas today! 7. 76% Upvoted. Click here to login. I am who I am, The product of many lifetimes. Alternate terms in Christian texts for the same group were hellene, gentile, and heathen. Sign up and receive a free ‘Improve your Memory’ course. Modern historians define paganism instead as the aggregate of cult acts, set within a civic rather than a national context, without a written creed or sense of orthodoxy. [29] The long-established use of Greek both in and around the Eastern Roman Empire as a lingua franca ironically allowed it to instead become central in enabling the spread of Christianity—as indicated for example by the use of Greek for the Epistles of Paul. But this doesn't really mean anything. In the days of early Christianity, this was done as an attempt to equate Pagan beliefs to the source of all evil. Fairy cakes are good. You may accept the Divine Feminine as the ultimate source of power or believe in a Goddess and a God who are equals. Pagans were usually described within this worldly stereotype, especially among those drawing attention to what they perceived as the limitations of paganism. What type of things do you celebrate? What does it mean to be pagan? When you’re pagan you do tend to have similar thoughts, behaviors, and habits as other pagans but there isn’t any set of specific rules that you must abide by … 2. June 22, 2016 ~ Pam Frei. What does it mean to be a modern pagan? Where some religions see the world as a parade of evil temptations, and others say that existing and caring about anything is a mistake, Paganism teaches that this life is good, this world is good, and that we should savor the gift of being alive. Old Norse heiðinn. This may have been influenced by the Greek and Latin terminology of the time used for pagans. Understanding the context of its associated terminology is important. Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Jew, etc., so that each pagan tradition is also a national tradition. What Does It Mean to Be a Pagan? Does being Pagan mean you have to think a certain way, pray a certain way, dress a certain way, or talk a certain way? Pagan Etymology. The influential Archbishop of Constantinople Gregory of Nazianzus, for example, took offence at imperial efforts to suppress Hellenic culture (especially concerning spoken and written Greek) and he openly criticized the emperor. Following a vegan keto diet can start you down the ... Read More, Quick, easy, and tasty – our 5-day meal plan takes the guesswork out of following a vegan ketogenic diet. Not all pagans were strictly polytheist. Mark 7:26) in Wulfila's Bible, the first translation of the Bible into a Germanic language. [39] However, modern parlance of folklorists and contemporary pagans in particular has extended the original four millennia scope used by early Christians to include similar religious traditions stretching far into prehistory. Pagan is a very broad term and can be interpreted in so many ways. It might be less confusing to say that the pagans, before their competition with Christianity, had no religion at all in the sense in which that word is normally used today. So to get to the question of putting what it means to be a Pagan into my own words, a Pagan is someone who lives in all the contexts in which they exist. Antonyms: Christian, Jewish, Muslim, monotheistic. Because Hellenic culture was the dominant pagan culture in the Roman east, they called pagans Hellenes. Prudence Jones and Nigel Pennick in their A History of Pagan Europe (1995) classify pagan religions as characterized by the following traits: In modern times, Heathen and Heathenry are increasingly used to refer to those branches of modern paganism inspired by the pre-Christian religions of the Germanic, Scandinavian and Anglo-Saxon peoples. Question. proper wasteman. the civil, natural and mythical theologies of. Heavy metal guitarists wearing silver pentacle necklaces? 1) That’s right, y’all! Those who did not (polytheist, monotheist, or atheist) were outsiders to the Church and thus pagan. Greeks who worshipped Zeus perceived themselves as very different from Egyptians who worshipped Horus; later on, the Teutonic tribes worshipping Woden (Odin) certainly didn’t feel like they had much in common with the Celtic Druids who worshipped Cernunnos. What does it mean to be a pagan? See more of Eilisain Jewelry on Facebook Modern Pagan traditions are extremely diverse, ranging from eclectic (i.e. I was sitting by my desk, thinking about topics for classes at my store. This usage is recorded in the New Testament. Among those influenced were the Russian Alexander Afanasyev, the Norwegians Peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Jørgen Moe, and the Englishman Joseph Jacobs.[68]. [28], The usage of Hellene as a religious term was initially part of an exclusively Christian nomenclature, but some Pagans began to defiantly call themselves Hellenes. At the time of publishing, entering the code NATURE at checkout will reduce the price of our What does it mean to be Pagan? pagan definition: 1. belonging or relating to a religion that worships many gods, especially one that existed before…. As for the biblical depiction of the ‘Devil’, it was actually modelled after Pagan fertility gods like Pan and Cernunnos, who had horns and were depicted as half-goats. report. Are you sure you want to perform this action? (Paganism 101 Ch. I believe that all of nature is divine. And they have been all around us ever since the 4th century CE when the term ‘Pagan’ was coined for the first time. When should we focus on forming our own traditions instead of … Every time someone that *thinks* they know me finds out that I am a Pagan, the questions begin in a cascade. [27], By late antiquity, however, it was possible to speak Greek as a primary language while not conceiving of oneself as a Hellene. [77], Non-Abrahamic religion, or modern religious movement such as nature worship, "Pagan" redirects here. I am a Pagan. I am a Scott, strong and hardy, None shall defeat me. Throughout history, many of them believed in a supreme deity. What does it mean to be a pagan? It is to be a part of many religions while following your own path. What does it mean to be a PAGAN? I don't know much but am interested in learning more. As long as you don’t miss the forest for the trees, both figuratively and literally, you will be fine. Peter Brown, in Glen Warren Bowersock, Peter Robert Lamont Brown, Oleg Grabar, eds.. Eisenstadt, S.N. What does it mean to be pagan? Paganism resurfaces as a topic of fascination in 18th to 19th-century Romanticism, in particular in the context of the literary Celtic and Viking revivals, which portrayed historical Celtic and Germanic polytheists as noble savages. Posted by 2 hours ago. What Is A Pagan? If you liked this video, be sure to Like and Share this video, and Subscribe to our videos!! It should be noted though, that Pagans are not associated with Satanism. Thus, Nicolas Fabri de Peiresc saw the pagan religions of Africa of his day as relics that were in principle capable of shedding light on the historical paganism of Classical Antiquity.[67]. To be a Pagan does not mean that you have to do any of the things that I do. Robe-wearing individuals slaying goats in the forest? At one time the earth based religions we generally refer to as a page were more dominant than Christianity and its predecessors. “Transcendental Visions – Other-Worldliness – and Its Transformations: Some More Comments on L. Dumont. Many people are still very quiet about their choices in life, even to how they practice their religion or their form of spirituality. [36] While paganism generally implies polytheism, the primary distinction between classical pagans and Christians was not one of monotheism versus polytheism. How much should we reconstruct - and how much can we reconstruct to begin with? [27][28] It retained that meaning for roughly the first millennium of Christianity. It was a demeaning Latin term (like the word hick ), that originally lacked a religious significance. However, there were many Christians and pagans alike who strongly objected to the evolution of the terminology. annoying, snakey pagan. What does it mean to be Pagan? [54] After Muhammad had conquered Mecca he set out to convert the pagans. The 19th century also saw much scholarly interest in the reconstruction of pagan mythology from folklore or fairy tales. Not all historical pagan traditions were pre-Christian or indigenous to their places of worship. I practice magic and I am a healer. Many Pagans also believe in deities from Abrahamic religions, accepting, for instance, Jesus Christ as a deity (although not their main deity). [citation needed] Dionysus in particular exhibits significant parallels with Christ, so that numerous scholars have concluded that the recasting of Jesus the wandering rabbi into the image of Christ the Logos, the divine saviour, reflects the cult of Dionysus directly. The term has recently been revived in the forms Heathenry and Heathenism (often but not always capitalized), as alternative names for the Germanic neopagan movement, adherents of which may self-identify as Heathens. In Lithuania, many people practice Romuva, a revived version of the pre-Christian religion of that country. To get back to the word ‘forest’, the most prominent theory among historians is that with the rise of Christianity, non-Christians became increasingly rural, choosing to live closer to nature and out of the way of the Christian population, who resided in the bigger cities. A “card carrying” PAGAN? I am an American, A Hoosier by birth, but what is that? By the end of his civilization he had discovered that a man cannot enjoy himself and continue to enjoy anything else. [58][59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66], Interest in pagan traditions was first revived during the Renaissance, when Renaissance magic was practiced as a revival of Greco-Roman magic. A pagan is defined as a person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions. Whatever the true origins of the word though, the important thing to keep in mind is that Pagans did not choose it for themselves — or even consider themselves as one group of people. Eventually, ‘Pagan’ was used by all Abrahamic religions (Christianity, Judaism, Islam) to describe all non-Abrahamic religions. borrowing elements from old religions and practices to create something new) to reconstructionist (i.e. This is what Pagan really mean. Close. It wasn't conscious. There are many ... Read More, The term safeguarding refers to the procedures that are in place to ensure that the human rights, health and wellbeing of ... Read More, Get more from CoE and share with your friends on your favourite social media platfoms. book review to: Maria Effinger / Cornelia Logemann / Ulrich Pfisterer (eds): Götterbilder und Götzendiener in der Frühen Neuzeit. Lithuania was among the last areas of Europe to be Christianized. I am Cherokee, proud and independent None shall enslave me. adjective 5. pertaining to the worship or worshipers of any religion that is neither Christian, Jewish, nor Muslim. With Him [Christ] the faithful citizen is a soldier, just as the faithful soldier is a citizen. What does it mean to be pagan? This is what it means to be a pagan today: Embracing Life, in all its joys and sadness. Dhul Khalasa is referred to as both an idol and a temple, and it was known by some as the Ka'ba of Yemen, built and worshipped by pagan tribes. I thought this would be an interesting topic to bring up, so thinking about yourself and your life – what does being a Pagan mean to you? Pagan comes from a Latin word paganus, meaning villager, rustic, civilian, and itself comes from a pāgus which refers to a small unit of land in a rural district. Richard Lawton3 New Member. We will only call you if there are any issues with your future purchases. Pagan definition is - heathen; especially : a follower of a polytheistic religion (as in ancient Rome). Paganism Diploma Course by 50%. If this is the right view of pagan life, it follows that we should look on paganism quite simply as a religion invented in the course of the second to third centuries AD, in competition and interaction with Christians, Jews and others. Hi everyone After listening to the song by Dancing Hare titled To Be Pagan it made me begin to think about what it means to be Pagan. I knew that being a priestess in a public Pagan community was not a responsibility to take on lightly, and I wanted to make sure I… nom nom nom. As Christianity emerged from Second Temple Judaism (or Hellenistic Judaism), it stood in competition with other religions advocating pagan monotheism, including the cults of Dionysus,[46] Neoplatonism, Mithraism, Gnosticism, and Manichaeanism. Having endured the waves of witch-phobia and prosecutions, people started becoming fascinated by the old pantheons and rituals, a fascination that culminated during the era of Romanticism, around the 18th-19th century CE. The early Latin origins of the word “pagan” loosely translate to “villager” or “civilian.”. The divide is over numerous issues such as the importance of accurate orthopraxy according to ancient sources available, the use and concept of magic, which calendar to use and which holidays to observe, as well as the use of the term pagan itself. The Lineage of an American Who am I? I thought about this question for a long, long time before I took my official oath as a priestess of Aphrodite. "[43], Ludwig Feuerbach defined the paganism of classical antiquity, which he termed Heidentum ('heathenry') as "the unity of religion and politics, of spirit and nature, of god and man",[44] qualified by the observation that man in the pagan view is always defined by ethnicity, i.e. Around the 1840s, through the power of Christian Latin, the word came to describe “a person of heathen character or habit”. It may even be a borrowing of Greek ἔθνος (ethnos) via Armenian hethanos.[33]. Already have an account? This was either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population, or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ). Question. You could call yourself “pagan” or “neo-pagan” or any other term that you feel fits best. Discussion in 'Paganism' started by Moongirl, Aug 10, 2007. I guess that all goes back to when the Roman empire was trying to convert everyone to Christianity they thought it would be easier center celebrations around the Pagan "holidays". But given the fact that the word ‘Pagan’ also means ‘civilian’ and ‘non-military’, another theory says that it was used to distinguish them from Christians who, back then, were all considered ‘soldiers of Christ’ (Milites Christi). In the 17th century, the description of paganism turned from the theological aspect to the ethnological one, and religions began to be understood as a part of the ethnic identities of peoples, and the study of the religions of so-called primitive peoples triggered questions as to the ultimate historical origin of religion. reviving an old religion faithfully through ritual). Yes, I am aware that this is problematic for some. For starters, modern Satanism is in direct contrast with Paganism, as it rejects believing in any supernatural beings. Sharing Jesus with Pagan Friends. [55][56][57] One of the last military campaigns that Muhammad ordered against the Arab pagans was the Demolition of Dhul Khalasa. Joined: Oct 21, 2006 Messages: 539 Likes Received: 18. I have my own beliefs but being surrounded by a sea of organized religions that don’t agree with my beliefs had led me to conclude that I stood alone. Peter N. Miller, ”History of Religion Becomes Ethnology: Some Evidence from Peiresc's Africa”, Christian persecution of paganism under Theodosius I, List of religions and spiritual traditions, "Jesus gegen Dionysos? )[10] To Christians, the most important distinction was whether or not someone worshipped the one true God. Respect Nature, our planet and all forms of life and choose your own way to honour them. Christianity inherited Jewish terminology for non-Jews and adapted it in order to refer to non-Christians with whom they were in contact. And that word is not ‘pentacle’. It’s ‘forest’. This is mostly true – most Pagan religions are closely connected to nature. After over 50 cases brought before, and thrown out of, US courts, including the Supreme Court, hundreds of Trump supporters, claiming to be a million supporters, continued to cry and protest and chant outside the White House, like a bunch of voteflakes. They point to the symbolism of wine and the importance it held in the mythology surrounding both Dionysus and Jesus Christ;[47][48] Wick argues that the use of wine symbolism in the Gospel of John, including the story of the Marriage at Cana at which Jesus turns water into wine, was intended to show Jesus as superior to Dionysus. Thank you for watching! I'm interested in becoming one, any good websites would be appreciated. I have been on a quest to explore my own spirituality. There is an abundance of preconceptions and stereotypes about what it means to be a Pagan. You may choose to follow the Celtic Wheel of the Year and celebrate Wiccan sabbats, you may choose to practice witchcraft and do intricate rituals, or just spend quiet time alone in nature. What Are Pagans? People worship in solitude, join a group and some may worship in a church setting. What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you hear the word ‘Pagan’?