This causes elevated insulin levels. It’s also true that ponies and some horse breeds—including Andalusians, Morgans, Paso Finos, and even some Quarter Horses—are at greater risk. Since 2012, the new standard way to ensure proper evaluation of insulin in a specific horse is the Oral Glucose Insulin Response Test. Horses who eat all day long do not have the dramatic and damaging spikes in blood glucose and insulin … (For a list of testing facilities, go to and click on certified labs.) Many horses will eat … It is then spun, harvested and sent on ice to the lab via express mail.Â. Manage Feed Concentrates: It is imperative that the insulin resistant or IR prone horse be fed low sugar and starch concentrate and supplements if a feed is needed in addition to hay. There are two types of insulin resistance—compensated and uncompensated. All of the Triple Crown Horse Feeds are formulated with low levels of … This allows owners to institute programs to help lower insulin and retest blood levels every year for follow up monitoring. There are also new products on the market designed to help moderate insulin levels; check with your veterinarian about these. What is insulin resistance? While grass turnout ensures horse exercise, intake should be monitored. I often recommend feeding it because it boosts the overall protein quality of a grass-hay … EMS is seen primarily in horses younger than 15 years, while PPID usually affects horses older than 15 years. Dr. Frank: Feeding and care should be under the direct supervision of a veterinarian. The following questions should help you get started. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those that are insulin resistant (IR). The high-quality protein supports muscle development and maintenance, helps with hoof quality, and slows the exit of food out of the stomach so horses feel fuller longer and are not frantic about eating. To determine whether a forage is safe to feed free-choice to an insulin resistant horse… Horses do not need a bagged … Restrict the amount of concentrates as much as possible and give, if possible, only a … Ideally, have your hay analyzed, with the goal of staying below 10-percent NSC—that is, non-structural carbohydrates, also known as starch and sugar. Although insulin resistance is seen in geriatric horses with or without Cushing ’s disease, older horses should have insulin and ACTH testing as they age in order to avoid laminitis events. Your horse ideally will get some fresh grass, hay, grain, and snacks. Synthetic thyroxine (a thyroid hormone) can … Insulin Resistance (IR) is … What can I do to help my insulin-resistant horse? DO NOT STARVE the weight off your horse or pony! Insulin resistance is common in older people and appears to be a normal event in the ageing process of horses too.  Due to muscle loss, lowered exercise, and increased fat, insulin levels go up in many older horses. The CRF dietary guideline to maintain normal blood levels of glucose and insulin and prevent laminitis in IR horses is a limit of 1 gram of NSC per kilogram of body weight in the … Sugar Balance Naturally is a powerful blend of natural herbal ingredients that treat Insulin Resistance in horses by helping to regulate glucose and insulin. Forage is the basis of the horse’s diet.  Horses are designed as continual slow eaters and long periods of no or little food lead to huge insulin surging.  Hay eating should be slow and steady 24/7 to stabilize insulin levels. Exercise helps build muscle and increases circulation to the feet.  Both of these can help in lowering insulin levels. If you hear that the solution to laminitis in an insulin resistant horse is to keep it on a dirt lot and feed it only hay, you are getting inadequate and incorrect information. Insulin resistance is just one part of equine metabolic syndrome (or EMS), defined as a horse with obesity, insulin resistance, and either laminitis or high laminitis risk. It is best to give a horse with insulin resistance feed with the lowest possible levels of sugar, starch or molasses. The key to the equine insulin resistant diet is to control carbohydrate metabolism by eating the right foods in the proper amounts. Your Farrier has important experience with the hoof which is vital in knowing what has or has not worked in the past and will notice signs of possible insulin resistance such as: During a laminitis attack, your farrier will help protect your horse’s feet by trimming more frequently, using thin sole pads or glue-on shoes, and requesting radiographs for closer monitoring. It is difficult to give you a definite answer on what type of hay is best because the amount of sugar in the hay … Giving snacks are a fun part of owning a horse but many horse cookies, nibblers, and commercial products are very high in carbohydrates and need to be avoided.  Sugar-free peppermints, peanuts in the shell, cut up hay cubes, alfalfa or timothy pellets, and even celery are great low carb snacks to give horses. Absolutely. When your horse is insulin- resistant, his tissues don’t respond adequately to circulating insulin when it’s released, causing his blood glucose to be uncontrolled. What should you know? He has spoken on equine insulin resistance/laminitis throughout the USA, including at the International Laminitis Conference and International Hoof Summit. Pregnancy, high energy forage, stress, and illness can also increase insulin … Even though the Standardbreds became slightly more insulin resistant on the high-grain diet, the ponies and Andalusians were relatively insulin resistant even at a moderate body condition … Fields should be cut no lower than 4-6 inches. Exercise is helpful on two levels: It aids with weight loss and maintenance, but also can also improve insulin sensitivity all by itself. Clinical studies in humans and rats have shown the herbs we use in Sugar Balance … In the past (even one year ago) horses were misdiagnosed with normal insulin, when in fact, they were insulin resistant. Blood testing insulin while on grass is a way to see if intake is at a safe level. With proper care, these horses can live full, productive and happy lives. Comparable to type-2 diabetes in humans, it’s rare in horses. (Your vet would measure your horse’s insulin, give him sugar, wait a while, then measure his insulin again.). A low non-structural carbohydrate … The key to feeding an insulin-resistant or laminitis-prone horse incorporates grass intake management, hay testing, and regulated feeding of snacks and grain. (Blood should be drawn in the morning before any grain meal, and with only low-carb hay available through the prior night.) Ideal values for the insulin resistant horse. Equine insulin resistance is now the #1 cause of laminitis in the world.  New studies, from the Universities of Kentucky and Virginia, suggest that half of the horse population is overweight and insulin resistance is a probable, normal event in geriatric horses. For horses (and their owners) seemingly struggling with the small feeding rates of restricted hay and a ration balancer, a low-calorie, extruded feed such as WellSolve W/C ® (Weight Control) can be helpful. An elevated resting insulin level is meaningful, but if the numbers are normal, it doesn’t necessarily rule out IR. Are IR and EMS the same? Often the scenario is the horse gets too much of one item, causing a laminitis trigger. Everyone enjoys spoiling and treating their horse a bit, but it's just not worth it if these habits are making him sick. If your horse is obese, especially with “regional adiposity” (fat deposits in certain areas; the hallmark is the cresty neck), he’s likely to be insulin-resistant—particularly if he has shown signs of laminitis. Pasture turnout has multiple advantages in keeping your horse healthy. You have got through the worst of it now, and now you may have a really skinny horse that you can't seem to feed anything to at all, or you may have a fat horse … If you have a horse you suspect is or could become insulin resistant, select forages that have been analyzed and are known to contain low levels of sugar. Equine insulin resistance is now the #1 cause of laminitis in the world. HEIRO is … Some research suggesting that, at least in the short term, omega-3 fatty acids … Feed low-carb hay. SIGNS OF EMS AND INSULIN RESISTANCE IN PPID. Insulin is a hormone that is secreted or produced and released from the pancreas. If you can’t get hay that low in NSC, soaking your horse’s hay for 60 minutes in cold water can reduce its carb content by as much as 30 percent. Horses with Metabolic Syndrome/Insulin Resistance get fat deposits in weird places Unregulated IR horses get fat, and fat horses … Don't wait until your horse has … The ideal diet for an insulin-resistant horse is a low-Sugar/Starch grass hay with plain beet pulp to carry minerals, vitamin E, and essential fatty acids to complement that hay.