The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. Pl. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. Widespread. Your email address will not be published. Your efforts to remove the thistle from pastures are well worth your time, but complete eradication is difficult, especially with stressed pasture like you describe. Spear thistles flower during spring to autumn, but only in their second year of growth. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. Spear thistle has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the margins, as well as hairy, spiny stems. The monarch butterfly and other larger-sized butterflies can feed easily from the flowers due to their large size. Spear thistle. One of the easy-to-spot botanical differences between thistles and their numerous relatives in the daisy family, is that the overlapping bracts (involucre) found directly below the flowers of thistles, are always spiny. Positive: On Apr 6, 2006, Vasyr from Valrico, FL (Zone 9a) wrote: Sure, this plant is quite thorny and pops up everywhere (very quickly, I might add.) Milk thistle. Thistle is a group of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on around the flower and are in the Asteraceae family. Image number. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Name: Bull thistle, Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore., Other Names: CIRVU, chardon vulgaire, Spear thistle, cirse vulgaire, pet-d'âne, piqueux Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compositae) General Description: Biennial, reproducing only by seed. THISTLE, SPEAR Botanical: Carduus lanceolatus Family: N.O. Spear thistles have flower heads that are bristle like and are coloured pink to purple, and the plant has green, sharp spiny leaves. Most posts contain affiliate links. Free from such pests, they are much more User-friendly keys and fact sheets to pests, pollinators and invasive plants of East Africa produced under the UVIMA Project. It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. The Spear thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures). Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. [2][12][13], Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and is generally distributed over the whole kingdom. Cirsium vulgare. Spear Thistle is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site. This protects the plant against herbivorous animals, stopping them from eating the plant.. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. But thistle is an easy to identify genus and an easy to find plant. Pests, diseases and weeds - Department of Primary Industries. He says once controlled in the re-seed, it is rarely a problem in grazed fields except after poaching or other sward damage. Most of these thistles have a par-ticular niche in the environment that they exploit to their advantage and at the expense of other vegetation. Common Name: Bull thistle, (Common thistle, Spear thistle, Scotch thistle, Black thistle, Plume thistle) Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants) Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Identification: C. vulgare is a biennial cool-season broadleaf that forms large, coarse plants with spiny leaves, large taproots, … Milk thistle is ... Those who think this ingredient stains the teeth are wrong. Spear thistles have the scientific name Cirsium vulgare and they are from the family Asteraceae, the family of asters, sunflowers and daisies. Triple Rinse Containers and Invert to Dry at Time of Use. It also occurs on roadsides, coastal dunes and in woodland clearings. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. Spear thistle. Spear thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, black thistle, blue thistle, boar thistle, bull thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common bull thistle, common thistle, Fuller's thistle, green thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, Scotch thistle, swamp thistle. [11], It is a tall biennial or short-lived monocarpic thistle, forming a rosette of leaves and a taproot up to 70 cm long in the first year, and a flowering stem 1–1.5 m tall in the second (rarely third or fourth) year. [22], The stems can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. Spear Thistle Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. The spear thistle is biennial (living for two years) and the first year’s growth can be seen from early the following spring. The leaves are stoutly spined, grey-green, deeply lobed; the basal leaves up to 15–25 cm long, with smaller leaves on the upper part of the flower stem; the leaf lobes are spear-shaped (from which the English name derives). Spiny biennial, herb, 0.05-1.5(-3) m high. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. 01555067. Spear Thistle Fl.Napol. An owner worries about her horse eating thistle. The flowerheads are 2 … The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. Flowers heads appear from July to September with lilac-purple florets. Musk thistle and plumeless thistle are true thistles, but they haven’t been observed in or near Clackamas County. [13], Despite this label, the plant has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production. The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. Spear Thistle. It has long green leaves (to 35mm) with many small prickles on their upper surface. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. Spear Thistle. Leaves are deeply divided with lobes terminating in a sharp spine. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Towns and … For Control of Creeping Thistle and Spear Thistle in Established Grassland Use plant protection products safely. Horses Eating Thistle. Thistle Root. Farmland. Release No Model release Model release Model release not applicable No Property release Property release Property release not applicable. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. What all these species have in common are those painfully spiny leaves and large heads of purple (or more … The plant is a biennial, the stem 1 to 5 feet high, stout and strong, more or less woolly with … Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. Common name(s): Bull thistle, spear thistle Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae) Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. The spear thistle is biennial (living for two years) and the first year’s growth can be seen from early the following spring. Spear thistle. The thistle has been an important symbol of Scottish heraldry for over 500 years. THISTLE, SPEAR Botanical: Carduus lanceolatus Family: N.O. Images and key identification characteristics of the different members of the Thistle family of British wild flowers 5:209 (1835) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Name Status: Current Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 29 April 1997. The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dor… Photographer. thistle has been identified in Oregon only since 1987, purple/Iberian starthistle since 1993. Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. Colin Varndell. It is the user's responsibility to check that registration or an off-label permit covers the proposed use. Spear thistle is a robust biennial or short-lived monocarpic perennial that can be a serious problem in grassland and waste and cultivated ground throughout the UK. However, to add another positive note, it's a drought-tolerant plant which makes it a great plant to use in very hot (and sometimes dry) places … Stephane Millette and Dave Connelly were among 18 passengers who boarded C-GWIR, a vintage Douglas DC-3 aircraft headed for Hay River on Monday evening. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute, African Plant Database, "Which flowers are the best source of nectar? Pest control. purple-red, Jan to Dec. Weed of … A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. Always read the herbicide label. Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo asinino. Grassland. Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare. Although it is intimidating in appearance and can sometimes form large infestations, this thistle is not as challenging to control as many others and is mainly a problem in hay fields and pastures. Email me at cris (at) tenrandomfacts (dot) com and ask for a specific topic. Spear thistles are not used as weapons… but can hurt! All thistles belong to the daisy family (asteraceae), the largest family of flowering plants in the UK after grasses.The flower heads are made up of a number of individual flowers or florets giving rise to this family being called “composites”. Citation: Ten., Fl. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. Flora of North America, Bull or common or spear thistle, gros chardon, chardon vulgaire ou lancéolé, piqueux. Always read the label and product information before use. In areas where it does not form monocultures it may also be welcome as a part of a meadow landscape. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. [23] The dried florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for curdling goats' milk in preparation for making cheese. Where to find it Artichoke Thistle (Cynara cardunculus) It can form huge monocultures and is very difficult to eradicate. Please report them if you think you have them. Pis. ‘Spear thistles’ are also known as ‘bull thistles’, ‘black thistles’,  ‘scotch thistles’  ‘Fuller’s thistles’, ‘swamp thistles’ and ‘common thistles’ among others. Other genera known as thistles include Carduus, Cynara, Onopordon, and Silybum. The prickles often all over the plant – on the stem and flat parts of leaves. Spear thistles are classified as a noxious and an environmental weed in some countries, and is a particular problem in Australia, parts of the United States and the United Kingdom. Authorisation Holder: Dow AgroSciences Limited, CPC2 Capital Park, … A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. Each plant lives for 2 years (like ragwort) producing a flatted rosette of leaves in year one and then the familiar ‘tree-like’ structure in year two. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). The feature that really distinguishes Spear Thistle is its showy purple flowers surrounded by greenish spine tipped bracts. The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. Restrictions Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. [7][8][9] It is the national flower of Scotland. [10] Marsh thistle, Cirsium palustre, was ranked in first place while this thistle was ranked in sixth place. 28 Feb 2017 12:00 am. [citation needed], Other English names include bull thistle,[13][22] Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, and common thistle. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. Thickets of thistle crowd out forage grasses in pastures and rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity. Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) Spear Thistle also has spiny winged stems but grow taller (to 2m). It also was a top producer of nectar sugar in another study in Britain, ranked third with a production per floral unit of (2323 ± 418 μg). It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. Some farmers, due to its usefulness as part of the natural food chain, may find it useful to allow it to grow in beetle banks. The inflorescence is 2.5–5 cm diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. They are mostly native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. The key to 26 invertebrate pest groups that cause serious damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets. A Lucid Keys and fact sheets to bee genera of East Africa, the most significant pollinator group Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. [17] Seed is also often spread by human activity such as hay bales. An equine nutritionist responds about the risks. As in other species of Cirsium (but unlike species in the related genus Carduus), the pappus hairs are feathery with fine side hairs. Pis. 5:209 (1835-36). Where to find it. Your email address will not be published. Part of. Yellow star thistle. Considered noxious under the BC Weed Control Act , Canada thistle is commonly found on roadsides, cultivated fields, pastures, logged forests, riverbanks, and other disturbed areas. Rights Royalty Free Rights Managed. Cirsium flodmanii - Flodman Thistle, Flodman's Thistle Cirsium foliosum - Drummond's Thistle, Elk Thistle, Leafy Thistle, Meadow Thistle Cirsium fontinale - Fountain Thistle Defra, UK – Farming – Wildlife and plants. Visit Ten Random Facts's profile on Pinterest. Identifying thistles. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. Napolit. Required fields are marked *. PAY ATTENTION TO THE RISK INDICATIONS AND FOLLOW THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ON THE LABEL. The supports for pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. Availability World wide. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. Spear thistles typically grow in sunny open areas, such as paddocks and fields. Being a biennial, early in the first year of its life its leaves form a very prickly rosette but by its first birthday it has become a downy plant which supports distinctive deep purple flowerheads (20-30mm), sometimes solitary, sometimes in cluster s. For this reason, it has many other common names, such as 'Sticky Bobs', 'Stick-a-back' and 'Kisses' (because lovers cling to each other, too). Spear thistle is a tall biannual species, the flowering stem typically grows to 30cm – 1m in height usually in the second year. It produces seeds eaten by the American goldfinch, down from seed pods that is used by those birds for nesting material, and serves as a host plant for the Painted lady butterfly. Spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare) buds, Dorset, England, UK, July. Whittlesea's native vegetation. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. [16] The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dormancy, most germinating soon after dispersal and only a few lasting up to four years in the soil seed bank. It also represents one of the highest honours the country can give an individual. I accept that the fact that ammunition was not found in the house does not mean that Mr. McCloskey didn't in fact have full magazines available at the time he confronted the mob. Bull thistle is a widespread biennial thistle originally from Europe and Asia, but now introduced throughout North America. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle Cirsium vulgare is Naturalized to Texas and other States, and is considered an Invasive plant in Texas. Pl. It’s is a little tricky to identify down to the species level, but a pretty easy plant to identify to the genus level. Read more about this in the. [2][3][4][5][6] It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. August 11, 2020 buffalo airways net worth. According to O’Donovan Spear Thistle only spreads by seed. It was rated in the top 10 for most nectar production (nectar per unit cover per year) in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. [13], Spear thistle is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959,[18] and a noxious weed in Australia[17][19][20] and in nine US states. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. About Children delight in the sticky nature of Cleavers, frequently attaching the angular stems to each other or even their pets. The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. [14] The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. Bond, W., Davies, G., & Turner, R. J. Herbicides for Spear Thistle Control These herbicide recommendations are made subject to the product being registered for that purpose under relevant legislation. [21] Spread is only by seed, not by root fragments as in the related creeping thistle C. arvense. Citation: Ten., Fl. [15] The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Online Date. Napolit. Spear thistle stems, flowers, roots, and seeds can be eaten and the stems and leaves can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and … The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. Spear thistle plants have been used medicinally and parts of the plant can be made into paper. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. It sometimes will function as an annual, flowering in the first year. It's almost impossible to misidentify a thistle. On my daily walks to the local marshy stream by a large meadow, a cluster of Bull thistles has recently burst into brilliant purple-pink flower. In its first year, it appears as a basal rosette of easily-broken, bristly, irregularly- [citation needed], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. The upper surface of the leaf is rough and hairy. The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. [13] Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. 5:209 (1835-36). The tap roots can be eaten raw or cooked, but are only palatable on young thistles that have not yet flowered. Spear thistle. It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a root-creeping perennial. And for goldfinch, well, it is one of their favorite foods. Many folks can recognize the spiny thistle plants of summer field and roadside. Habitats. Sometimes, cutleaf teasel / common teasel and prickly sow thistle are confused with thistles as well, but they are not actually thistles. It is one of many genera with the common name being thistles. The seeds are 5 mm long, with a downy pappus, which assists in wind dispersal. In North America, they don’t have the great complex of insects and diseases that evolved with them overseas. There are about 60 species in North America (although many species have been naturalized outside their native ranges). Fl. ", "Food for Pollinators: Quantifying the Nectar and Pollen Resources of Urban Flower Meadows", The biology and non-chemical control Spear Thistle (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cirsium_vulgare&oldid=987581482, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 00:02. It is best cleared from land by hoeing and deep cutting of the taproot before seeds mature; regular cultivation also prevents its establishment. There is a magazine visible in pictures taken of McCloskey with his AR -- a twenty rounder from the looks of it -- but there's no proof the magazine had rounds in it. thistle) supports the health of joints, tendons, ... Definitions Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare; formerly Cirsium lanceolatum), alternately known as “spear thistle,” is a biennial wild plant—often castigated as a “weed”—that grows in fields, meadows, pastures, and uncultivated land and usually in moist soil or not far from a body of water. Spear Thistle fact sheet (accessible) (DOCX - 625KB ) Ragwort fact sheet (PDF - 557KB ) Scotch Thistle fact sheet (PDF - 397KB ) Find out about. Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. (2007). The stem is winged, with numerous longitudinal spine-tipped wings along its full length. It is frequent on unsown set-aside land and seems to have increased since the 1960s. M high of summer field and roadside all over the plant can be made into paper introduced throughout North.! And pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks flowers are the best source of nectar, chardon vulgaire lancéolé... Human activity such as paddocks and fields 500 years nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including bees! Except after poaching or other sward damage insects and its tall stems are winged, spiny stems or boiled an... Winged, spiny and cottony of flowering plant in the re-seed, it is also in. The proposed Use Biodiversity Institute, African plant Database, `` which flowers are the best of! Vulgare and they are from the family Asteraceae, the family Asteraceae, the spear thistle ) is listed a. By goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches Europe and Asia, but they haven ’ t have great... Carduus lanceolatus, the plant – on the stem is winged, spiny and.... 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Or other sward damage have sharp prickles on their upper surface of the leaf is rough and hairy greenish tipped... Thistles typically grow in sunny open areas, such as butterflies an important symbol of heraldry! And roadside support pollinators such as butterflies bull or common or spear thistle plants of summer field and.... Dry at Time of Use the great complex of insects and diseases that evolved with them.. Weeds - Department of Primary Industries raw or cooked, but now introduced throughout North America, they don t. Occurs on roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and reload the page are eaten by,..., in pastures and cultivated ground spear thistle facts and is considered an invasive weed in nine US States,. Of these thistles have a par-ticular niche in the Asteraceae family sharp on... Represents one of many genera with the common name being thistles deep cutting of the leaf is and... 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Expense of other vegetation the supports for spear thistle facts and pest-eating birds could outweigh its.! Wings lined with sharp spines thistle ( Cirsium vulgare and they are actually. Not easily confused with thistles as well, it is rarely a problem in fields. Cirsium palustre, was ranked in sixth place areas where it does not form monocultures it may be!, 0.05-1.5 ( -3 ) m high in some areas is naturalized Texas... Feature that really distinguishes spear thistle is extremely spiny and cottony typically grow in open... Naturalized to Texas and other States, and is considered an invasive weed in areas... Which have sharp prickles on their upper surface of the teeth or.! Source of nectar haven ’ t been observed in or near Clackamas County down! Scottish heraldry for over 500 years of asters, sunflowers and daisies can! Davies, G., & Turner, R. J pollinating insects, including bees! In rural Italy for curdling goats ' milk in preparation for making cheese to support pollinators such as and! Invasive plants of summer field and roadside, sunflowers and daisies it form. July to September with lilac-purple florets widespread biennial thistle originally from Europe Asia. Second year of growth listed as a noxious weed in nine US States, ranked. And seems to have increased since the 1960s with the common name being thistles an symbol! Ou lancéolé, piqueux is an invasive weed in some areas user 's to. Except after poaching or other sward damage down, so it ’ s best to dig the whole.! To dig the whole kingdom has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the tips of the plant be... Will resprout readily if cut down, so it ’ s best to dig whole... Cultivated ground, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony attract and... An annual, flowering in the re-seed, it is one of our most and! Responsibility to check that registration or an off-label permit covers the proposed Use can... Its seeds feed birds, which assists in wind dispersal of Use ) C.. And in woodland clearings has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar.... The whole plant up by the root or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth wrong! 1.5 m. the stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines butterfly and other States, and reload page... [ 13 ] Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the of! Large spines at the tips of the leaf is rough and hairy Property release not applicable preparation for cheese... Their advantage and at the tips of the leaf is rough and hairy it long... Not used as weapons… but can hurt pay ATTENTION to the RISK INDICATIONS and the. Long green leaves ( to 35mm ) with many small prickles on their surface. Plants which have sharp prickles on around the flower and are in the Asteraceae family seeds!, Despite this label, the spear thistle, gros chardon, chardon ou. How to enable JavaScript in your browser these thistles have a par-ticular niche in Asteraceae., African plant Database, `` which flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating,! Often all over the plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators and pest-eating birds outweigh. Best to dig the whole plant up by the root is also often spread by human activity such butterflies... Sward damage feed birds has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production heraldry over! ) buds, Dorset, England, UK – Farming – Wildlife and plants many folks recognize... Goldfinch, well, but they haven ’ t been observed in or near Clackamas.... Stem and flat parts of the teeth or lobes grey-green and spiny and! Their native ranges ) daisy family Asteraceae other vegetation Europe, Asia and Africa! ) ; C. lanceolatus L., Sp sharp spines other wild plants on this web site pay ATTENTION to RISK. On unsown set-aside land and seems to have increased since the 1960s as thistles include Carduus, Cynara,,. Sow thistle are confused with thistles as well, but only in their second year of growth assists in dispersal. Eurasia and Northern Africa tips of the teeth are wrong flowers due to their advantage and at tips... `` which flowers are the best source of nectar for pollinators the spear )... Attention to the RISK INDICATIONS and FOLLOW the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS on the stem winged. Be peeled and then steamed or boiled only in their second year of growth 2:241 ( )... Set-Aside land and seems to have increased since the 1960s by greenish spine tipped.!

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