This was the first railway laid in Burma, and it was opened in 1869. Some 2-8-2 and 4-6-0 goods or mixed traffic types and older 0-6-0 engines are employed on the lighter branch lines. There is a 40 ft seasonal rise and fall in the river level, and a 40 ft headway is allowed for steamers passing under the bridge in high flood. Expected arrival and departure times almost always vary, often by hours, so be flexible to get the most enjoyment out of train travel in Myanmar.. Standards for train cleanliness and comfort are relatively low as most trains in Myanmar are very outdated. In 2016 a tram route opened in Yangon, on a former heavy rail freight route through the city streets. Construction started 16 May 2007 expecting to finish the project in 2018–2019. Construction started 1 December 2009 with a hope to be done in 2017 - 2018. The permanent way consists of flat-footed rails weighing 60 lb per yard on the more important main lines, 50 lb on the secondary lines, and 41¼ lb on light branches. Steam in Myanmar (Burma): 7.1. In fact, it is doubtful if any other system of this gauge can boast a combination of so dense a suburban traffic as exists in the Rangoon area, of such a continuous length of double-track main line, over 200 miles, and of a through main route nearly 900 miles in length out of a total route mileage of over 2,000. In 1942, the country had 3,313 km (2,059 mi) (route-km) of metre gauge track, but the Japanese removed about 480 km (298 mi) and, by the end of the war, only 1,085 km (674 mi) (route-km) was operational in four isolated sections. Each of the 350 ft spans weighs 1,020 tons. On the 1 in 25 section of the Lashio branch beyond Mandalay 75 lb rails are used. Trains in more remote parts of Myanmartend to be the slowest and least reliable. One route runs north-eastwards towards Pegu, Toungoo and Mandalay (385 miles distant) - finally opened throughout in 1889 - with secondary main lines from Pegu to Martaban for Moulmein, and from Mandalay to Myitkyina in the extreme north. The Burma Rail-ways, therefore, feed a great world port in Rangoon, as well as others in Bassein and Moulmein, whence timber, rice and other commodities are exported in exchange for western products. In 1988, there were 487 operational railway stations over a 3,162 km (1,965 mi) long network. Many Myanmar people riding on the country’s outmoded, uncomfortable railways would have trouble sharing in the romance. More than 12,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and tens of thousands of forced labourers perished during its … Over 150 trains, arriving or departing, are dealt with daily. Extensions to the network, adding another 2264 miles of track, are very slowly under construction from Sittwe in the west to Myeik in the south. Up to three heavy repairs are performed per year using locally manufactured parts. Therefore, it will be okay only if China gets involved, Ba Myint, Managing Director of Myanma Railways, told The Daily Eleven. The Burma Mines Railway, an 80-kilometre (50-mile) 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge line from Namyao (on Myanmar Railways' Mandalay-Lashio branch) via Namtu to Bawdwin, was completed in 1908. No. It will be noticed that the Burma Railways is an isolated system connected with no other railway. [9] The Japanese were also responsible for the construction of the Thailand - Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, using the labour of Allied prisoners of war, many of whom died in the attempt. Between 1994 and 1998, the 160 km (99 mi) Ye-Dawei (Tavoy) railway in peninsular Myanmar was completed. Attempts at rebuilding the network began in the 1950s following Burmese independence. behind the schedule. Apart from the Thailand–Burma Railway the country has never had any international links. The type was, at the time, the most powerful in the world working on the metre gauge. And, indeed, the general standard of the lines in Burma is comparable with that of many systems of wider gauge. MYANMAR: Indian Railways subsidiary Rites is to supply 18 metre-gauge locomotives to Myanma Railways. Construction is expected to begin early this year. Ballast varies according to the local sources of supply, but is mainly of broken stone. The Burma Railways also possess some of the most powerful locomotives ever built for this gauge. Between 1988 and 2009, the railway imported 96 diesel locomotives, 55 from China and 41 from India and, by December 2009, it had a total of 319 locomotives. Following the opening of this section, the Mu Valley State Railway was formed and construction began on a railway line from Sagaing to Myitkyina which connected Mandalay to Shwebo in 1891, to Wuntho in 1893,[7] to Katha in 1895, and to Myitkyina in 1898. All Aboard the Trains of Myanmar. 1.2017 The Golden Land: 15. train #120 Upper Class, Myanmar Railways, Feb 6, 2020 Service of 12GO was perfect, with my ticket delivered to the hotel in the morning of departure. Nor are the trains light, for the locals, running out in three different directions, consist of eight bogie coaches, weighing in all about 180 tons, and are hauled by 4-6-4 tank engines. Instead of this little-known system being a few narrow-gauge lines, it is one of the most important metre-gauge railways in the British Empire. The capacity of the coaching and goods stock is, therefore, nearly equal to that on standard British gauge. After the First World War, a line was built between Moulmein and Ye at the northern end of the Mergui Archipelago. Under the NLD government, Myanma Railways in October 2019 signed an MOU with China Railway Eryuan Engineering Group (CREEG) (formerly the China Railway Group Ltd.) to carry out a feasibility study for a standard-gauge railway from Muse, in northern Shan State, to Mandalay in central Myanmar. The local services run out to Insein, or Wanetchaung, on the Prome main line, to Cantonments on a branch line, and to Thingangyun on the Mandalay main line A feature of the Phayre Street Station is its comfortable rest or retiring rooms, situated above the European refreshment room. sharp, and arrived in Bagan only 15-20 mins. The passenger station yard is controlled by three principal signal boxes, two of which have about a hundred levers each, and the third about seventy-five The Western Electric system of train control is installed throughout the Rangoon area, and interlocking is very complete. [17][18], In March 2018, India handed over 18 diesel-electric locomotives to Myanmar under an Indian line of credit. This line is to be further extended east to Togyaung Galay station on the Yangon-Bago intercity rail line. The 5,403-kilometre (3,357 mi) metre gauge rail network consists of 858 stations, and generally spans north to south with branch lines to east and west. [1], The network has steadily increased in size over the last two decades, from nearly 5,500 kilometres (3,400 mi) in 1988 to 10,296.01 kilometres (6,397.64 mi) in 2010. [3], The network is run by Myanma Railways (Burmese: မြန်မာ့ မီးရထား, pronounced [mjəma̰ míjətʰá]; also spelled Myanmar Railways; formerly Burma Railways), a state-owned railway company under the Ministry of Rail Transportation. The 1 350 hp diesel-electrics for use on passenger and freight services are to be manufactured by the Diesel Locomotive Works at Varanasi, and will have microprocessor controls, fuel-efficient engines and an ergonomic cab design. In September 2006, China donated 130 carriages ... China presents railway carriages to Myanmar, "Number of autos, motorcycles increases in Myanmar", / Myanmar Railways' Ex-JR Freight Class DD51 Diesel Locomotive, http://www.2427junction.com/mmrrbetop.html, "India hands over 18 high-end diesel locos to Myanmar", "Thai Developer Touts Burma Port Project - The Irrawaddy | Simon Roughneen", "Railway Gazette: China's horizons extend southwards", "Rail link from Manipur to Vietnam on cards: Tharoor", Myanmar railways, Ministry of Transportation (Burmese version), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rail_transport_in_Myanmar&oldid=989267883, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles containing Burmese-language text, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Length= 620 kilometres (390 mi) Express trains skip Bago, Yangon-Bago-Theinzayat-Kyaikhto-Thaton-Mottama-Mawlamyine, Yangon-Letbadan-Paungde-Aunglan-Kyaukpadaung-Bagan, Length= 339 kilometres (211 mi) under construction to Myeik, Mandalay-Thedaw-Dahuttaw-Hanza-Ywapale-Thazi. [2] The quality of the railway infrastructure is generally poor. These 18 locomotives were fitted with the microprocessor control based system. The first railway was opened in 1869. These are anchored in rock at varying depths down to 104 ft below bed level. 1350 HP AC/DC main line diesel locomotives with a maximum speed of 100 km/h had been customised for the Myanma Railways. Jica has signed a Yen 40.604bn ($US 374.5m) loan agreement with the government of Myanmar for the Yangon - Mandalay Railway Improvement Project. We have a dedicated railway tour of … “Such nonsense,” complains a British member of the group after the steam engine passes. [16], In 1999, Myanma Railway had 201 diesel locomotives, and a further 88 were on order. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Prome line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway when Lower Burma was a British colony. A stink over cleanliness of train stations in Yangon. 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