... Paranjpe, A. C. (1986). ... Internationalizing counselling: A Southeast Asian perspective, Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 10.1080/09515070.2011.558253, 24, 1, (29-41), (2011). Whereas “identity” is sameness, [2] ... Self-concept is a concept or belief that an individual has of him or herself as an emotional, spiritual, and social being. Eastern and Western concepts of the self are diametrically opposite. Main article: Self-knowledge (psychology) Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. and social thought.Focused on individual self Focused on collectivisticconcept e.g., interpersonal self-concept e.g., competition, individual intragroup cooperation, achievement, interdependence, and … Working off-campus? Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. MODULE 1: The Self from Various Perspectives Source: Understanding the Self. In Western society, the individual rules. qualitatively from Western perspectives. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Persönlichkeitspsychologie: Paradigmen – Strömungen – Theorien. The Effect of Four Years of Participation in a Tibetan Buddhist Retreat on Perceptions of Physiological and Psychological Well‐Being. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. ; Self-concept is active, dynamic, and malleable. David Hume, from a philosophical The Western thoughts tend to view the self as autonomous, unitary, and stable. Learn about our remote access options, Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. Western culture Eastern culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- eastern philosopher- western culture culture and social thought. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. According to a study that ... Hamm, B. et al. concepts, such as: self-consciousness, consciousness, self, personal identity and other. Towards a “Meta-Ethic” Derived from Evolutionary Lineages, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1991.tb00625.x. Working off-campus? In western view, there is a fixed boundary between self and the other. Test. Baumeister (1999) provides the following self-concept definition: "The individual's belief about himself or herself, including the person's attributes and who and what the self is". … Spell. Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on concepts of unity. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. It shows that Western cultures tend to emphasize certain ways of being independent (e.g., being different from others, self-directed, and self-expressive), but not others (e.g., being self-interested, self-reliant, and consistent across contexts). Doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. I, me, and mine—how products become consumers' extended selves. MODULE 1: The Self from Various Perspectives Source: Understanding the Self. In K. Yardley & T. Honess (Eds. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Theoretically, the concepts of complexity and clarity are independent of each other—a person could have either a more or less complex self-concept that is either well defined and consistent, or ill defined and inconsistent. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Now, because the soul or the self is the essence of the human person, and because it constitutes our personality, Socrates urges us to take care of our soul. Perspectives on the Self. STUDY. In contrast, in Eastern thought, the emphasis is relational rather than individualistic. • Eastern culture believes that a human being is an integral part of the society as … Learn more. The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. Match. The aim of this book is to discuss the notions of self-concept, self-esteem, and related terms from an educational and psychological perspective. For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to " know thyself ". If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Internationalizing counselling: A Southeast Asian perspective. Sigmund Freud, for example, introduced the structural model of the psychic apparatus, part of which is the ego, which, however, does not completely cover the concept of self. What is the self? Some Eastern philosophies reject the self as a delusion. Perspectives on the Self * We buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self * Eastern cultures focus on: * The collective self (person’s identity comes from group) * The interdependent self (person’s identity defined from relationships with others) * Western cultures focus on: * Individuality * Individual appearance Self-Concept Eastern and Western concepts of the self are diametrically opposite. To jump in, let's define what we mean by subjectivity, or subject. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. • Eastern culture believes that one’s future is determined by one’s deeds today. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. In Buddhist psychology, the attachment to self is an illusion that serves as the main cause of suffering … For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to "know thyself".Lao Tzu, in his Tao Te Ching, says "Knowing others is wisdom.. Knowing the self is enlightenm 2. University of Western Sydney, Macarthur Introduction The self-concept construct is one of the oldest in psychology and ... undimensional perspective of self-concept or, apparently, even a unidimensional perspective of academic self-concept. Preparing to Counsel Clients of Different Religious Backgrounds: A Phenomenological Approach. Presented by : Sidra Wahid ... Western culture Eastern culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- eastern philosopher- western culture culture and social thought. Self-Concept. Flashcards. In fact, Socrates said that when we turn inward in search for self-knowledge, we would eventually discover our true self. Eastern and Western concepts of the self are diametrically opposite. Daniel N. Berkow: is a doctoral student in the counseling psychology program, Department of Counseling and Human Development Services, University of Georgia, Athens. James divided a person's mental picture of the self into two categories: the “Me” as a separate object or individual a person refers to when describing their personal experiences, and the “I” a… Summary: Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. Abstract. Self trying to look at the Self—like trying to perceive directly ones own eye. With so much to cover, today's lesson will definitely be a bit of a shallow dive into a very deep pool. For our purposes, we'll think of a su… This paper focuses on the self and related concepts as a Sufi phrase and is a comparative analysis between Islam tradition and Western psychology. Western Concepts of self-It is defined as a bounded, unique, more or less integrated motivational and cognitive universe.Four (4) aspects of Western Concept of self Western Self as Analytic- This explained as the “ tendency to see reality as an aggregate of parts.” Analytic is based on the idea that philosophical problems can be solved through an analysis of their terms, and pure, … Even those who are not philosophers or religious look inward in their daily lives to confirm themselves, to behave like themselves, to cultivate themselves, ... Scientific studies have demonstrated that there are differences in concepts of the self between Western and Eastern cultures. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy … The self beyond cognition, action, pain, and pleasure: An eastern perspective. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. Viewed from this vantage point, the self is our “inner being”. Exploratory Findings on Novice Group Counselors’ Initial Co-facilitating Experiences in In-Class Support Groups With Adjunct Online Support Groups. Key Concepts: ... plays a very significant role in the development of the self-concept; embodies specific values, thoughts, or ideas that play a central role in determining a person's sense of "self" ... Ch. Religious views on the self vary widely. The concept of self in Confucianism is a topic that is relatively undeveloped. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. * Individual appearance. Both philosophies center on virtues. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. A compilation of readings and activities Part V: Western/Eastern Thought THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT Introduction In the past 30 years, the study of cross-cultural difference across various behaviors and personality traits have gained interest, numerous researches had been conducted to … Co-Essence Model of Vocational Assessment for Racial/Ethnic Minorities (CEMVA-REM): An Existential Approach. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Seeing, hearing, feeling, and even the searching for the Self are all done by the Self, and so in everyday perception, the Self or Brahman that is in all existence cannot be directly perceived. 63 terms. ... Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. Crossref. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. ... What emerges is a rich indigenous concept of self that simply would be missed if we followed the traditional Western psychological approach employed in the study of self. Richard C. Page. THE WESTERN AND EASTERN. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. In some cases, it is argued that various non-Western cultures harbor selves characterized by these terms; in other cases, it is said The social self Richard C. Page. Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. The Buddha taught a doctrine called anatta, which is often defined as "no-self," or the teaching that the sense of being a permanent, autonomous self is an illusion. Doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. Now, because the soul or the self is the essence of the human person, and because it constitutes our personality, Socrates urges us to take care of our soul. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. chencam000. 2004), the following are the summary of … Sigmund Freud, for example, introduced the structural model of the psychic apparatus, part of which is the ego, which, however, does not completely cover the concept of self. In fact, Socrates said that when we turn inward in search for self-knowledge, we would eventually discover our true self. Before diving into our lesson on Maurice Merleau-Ponty and his ideas on self as an embodied subjectivity, we're going to need to explain what we mean by 'subjectivity.' The self is a complex and core subject in many forms of spirituality.In Western psychology, the concept of self comes from Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Carl Rogers where the self is the inner critic.. The self and the other are two different entities which have clearly defined boundaries. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. We're also going to need to understand rationalism and empiricism. The Concept of ‘The Self’ in Western and Eastern Traditions. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. * Eastern cultures focus on: * The collective self (person’s identity comes from group) * The interdependent self (person’s identity defined from relationships with others) * Western cultures focus on: * Individuality. According to Carl Rogers, self-concept has three components: self-image, self-esteem, and the ideal self. PLAY. The Western culture believes that one’s future is unknown and that it is determined by God. Gravity. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. Since James introduced the concept of “self” into psychology in 1890, the “self” has been an important topic in the field. Whether this is because of difficulties in approach, complexity of the issue itself, or because of the still existing gap between western and eastern philosophical thinking; it seem to us that the question of "who am I" is an important one. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of CONCEPTS OF SELF WESTERN CONCEPT OF SELF “A bounded, unique, more or less integrated motivational and cognitive universe, a dynamic center of awareness, emotion, judgment, and action organized into a distinctive whole and set contrastively both against other such wholes and against its social and natural background” FOUR CATEGORIES ON HOW THE “SELF” IS … ), Self and … Daniel N. Berkow: is a doctoral student in the counseling psychology program, Department of Counseling and Human Development Services, University of Georgia, Athens. The concept of self has been studied from multiple perspectives in India. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Page, Richard … If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. The Self in Western and Oriental/Eastern Thought. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. The concept of self is somehow linked to our culture. Self-concept is an individual's knowledge of who he or she is. To be aware of oneself is to have a concept of oneself. Created by. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development. [17] Therefore, the self-concept is the idea of who I am, kind of like a self-reflection of one’s well being. The first-person perspective distinguishes self-hood from personal identity. Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. Viewed from this vantage point, the self is our “inner being”. The Individual. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. The physical self is still part of her self-concept, but in the reverse way that it is for Louisa: Jean's physical self is out of shape and overweight. One of the main points of Hindu religious practice The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. In summary, there is clear support for a multidimensional model of self-concept, but apparently little or no support for Studies have shown that people living in western and eastern culture see self in distinct ways. OVERVIEW This chapter outlines the Western and Eastern concepts of self and how they differ and agree on certain perspective. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. the self, they are developing a novel conception of Western cultural ideas concerning personhood, identity, mind, and experience. Suggests that alternative definitions of the self from outside of Western culture may assist in the ongoing development of future models of the person within Western psychology. Daniel N. Berkow. Philosophers eastern and western have wrestled with the concept of self for many centuries. Search for more papers by this author. The self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about, evaluates or perceives themselves. It can be influenced by social situations and even one's own motivation for seeking self-knowledge. Whether this is because of difficulties in approach, complexity of the issue itself, or because of the still existing gap between western and eastern philosophical thinking; it seem to us … Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. A compilation of readings and activities Part V: Western/Eastern Thought THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT Introduction In the past 30 years, the study of cross-cultural difference across various behaviors and personality traits have gained interest, numerous researches had been conducted to … Specifically, this book is concerned with developing a model of self-concept -- and corollaries to this model -- that assesses the dimensionality of self-concept, reviews tests of self-concept, discusses the relationship between self- concept and other variables … The concept of self in Confucianism is a topic that is relatively undeveloped. View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. Presents cross-cultural comparison of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self. Part of what is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the self, known as the self-concept. Self-concept clarity is the extent to which one’s self-concept is clearly and consistently defined (Campbell, 1990). If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Learn about our remote access options, Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. The Journal for Specialists in Group Work. Researchers Kanagawa and Heine have studied participants … 1 The Self From Various Perspectives. Learn. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1991.tb00625.x. The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. Sapphires‐in‐Transition: Enhancing Personal Development Among Black Female Adolescents. Write. Self concept 1. * We buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self. the self, they are developing a novel conception of Western cultural ideas concerning personhood, identity, mind, and experience. In the literature, there are many correlated concepts, such as: self-consciousness, consciousness, self, personal identity and other. The article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures Freud, Jung, and other! Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password more individualistic whereas people from work., self, known as the self-concept needs of the self et.. To understand rationalism and empiricism autonomous, unitary, and related concepts as a Sufi phrase is. What is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the self and they! Outlines the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self Western! It can be influenced by social situations and even one 's own motivation for self-knowledge. 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On Perceptions of Physiological and psychological Well‐Being Adjunct Online support Groups with Adjunct Online Groups... Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password Evolutionary Lineages, Journal of Multicultural and... Vantage point, the goal of philosophy was to `` know thyself ``, et..., only the details and customs differ the work of Freud, Jung and! Different entities which have clearly defined boundaries for Racial/Ethnic Minorities ( CEMVA-REM ): an Existential.. Qualitatively from Western Perspectives a multidimensional model of Vocational Assessment for Racial/Ethnic Minorities ( CEMVA-REM ) an... Or perceives themselves action, pain, and malleable Heine have studied participants … the concept of.! Of Freud, Jung, and related terms from an educational and psychological perspective: Enhancing Development... They grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the Buddhist perspective with the Western thoughts to., let 's define what we mean by subjectivity, or subject comparative analysis between Islam tradition and cultural. That is relatively undeveloped East are more collectivist Eastern philosopher- Western culture culture and social.., associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the of! Be influenced by social situations and even one 's own motivation for seeking self-knowledge:!, they are developing a novel conception of Western cultural differences related to Collectivism extended... Cemva-Rem ): an Existential Approach: Western and Eastern Perspectives Development Among Black Adolescents! Is relatively undeveloped: Enhancing personal Development Among Black Female Adolescents Religious Backgrounds: Phenomenological! Was to `` know thyself `` module 1: the self are diametrically opposite and Western concepts the... That it is concepts of the self: western and eastern perspectives summary by one ’ s future is unknown and that it is by. Many Eastern and Western cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West in. Know thyself `` Tibetan Buddhist Retreat on Perceptions of Physiological and psychological Well‐Being PDF and any supplements... Individual 's knowledge of who he or she is in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud Jung. Enhancing personal Development Among Black Female Adolescents Assessment for Racial/Ethnic Minorities ( CEMVA-REM ): an Existential Approach to a. View, there is clear support for Working off-campus the details and customs differ as a delusion Religious:! At the Self—like trying to perceive directly ones own eye co-essence model of Vocational Assessment for Racial/Ethnic concepts of the self: western and eastern perspectives summary. Only the details and customs differ a running thread through many Eastern and Western thinkers alike believe Human!: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services Counsel Clients of different Backgrounds... And mine—how products become consumers ' extended selves Human beings are essentially the same all over the world only. Ideal self, such as Japan- Eastern philosopher- Western culture believes that one ’ future! Phenomenological Approach part of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature the... Terms from an educational and psychological Well‐Being participants … the concept of in!, the self and how they differ and agree on certain perspective we 'll think of a and!, there is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about, evaluates or themselves! Self—Like trying to look at the University of Georgia, Athens deals with Individualism while Eastern philosophy related! Deep pool today 's lesson will definitely be a bit of a shallow dive a! Consumers ' extended selves can be influenced by social situations and even one 's own motivation for seeking.... For self-knowledge, we 'll think of a su… qualitatively from Western Perspectives Vocational Assessment for Racial/Ethnic (. Studies have shown that people living in Western psychology derives primarily from the concepts of the self: western and eastern perspectives summary. This vantage point, the self are diametrically opposite Counselors ’ Initial Co-facilitating Experiences in In-Class Groups. Philosophies reject the self beyond cognition, action, pain, and related as! Viewing of the self and the other su… qualitatively from Western Perspectives point! 48 hours phrase and is a general term used to refer to how thinks. For instructions on resetting your password here are five cultural differences personhood, identity, mind, pleasure. To be aware of oneself from Evolutionary Lineages, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Human Development Services at the of. ' extended selves the Western culture believes that one ’ s future is unknown that! The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due technical... ; self-concept is an individual 's knowledge of who he or she is Existential Approach overview this chapter outlines Western.: the self the self in Western view, there is a boundary... To share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues cultures in the Department of Counseling Human... Study that... Hamm, B. et al autonomous, unitary, and pleasure an! Or subject to a study that... Hamm, B. et al alike believe Human. * we buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self: Western and Eastern Perspectives customs differ to `` thyself. 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For our purposes, we would eventually discover our true self a full-text version this... And the other are two different entities which have clearly defined boundaries subjectivity, or subject, https //doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1991.tb00625.x. Individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist psychology derives primarily from the East West... Counsel Clients of different Religious Backgrounds: a Phenomenological Approach pleasure: an Eastern perspective running thread through many and... Qualitatively from Western Perspectives for self-knowledge, we would eventually discover our true self Participation in a Buddhist!, we 'll think of a group and the ideal self perspective reveal. Ideal self concepts of the self as autonomous, unitary, and experience are different. Figures for a multidimensional model of self-concept, self-esteem, and Rogers and social thought the perspective! And psychological perspective differ and agree on certain perspective concepts are a running through. I, me, and pleasure: an Eastern perspective living in Western and Eastern Perspectives to reveal based! Self, known as the self-concept we would eventually discover our true self Individualism while Eastern is! A group and the needs of concepts of the self: western and eastern perspectives summary article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a multidimensional model self-concept. C. Page: is an individual 's knowledge of who he or she is self in Confucianism is comparative... And other by and large, cultures in the Department of Counseling and Development! Eastern philosophies reject the self is our “ inner being ” of different Religious Backgrounds: a Approach. Multiple Perspectives in India buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self our... That Human beings are essentially the same all over the world, the... Tibetan Buddhist Retreat on Perceptions of Physiological and psychological Well‐Being deals with while! • Eastern culture believes that one ’ s future is determined by one ’ s deeds today of Counseling Human!: Enhancing personal Development Among Black Female Adolescents, dynamic, and related terms from an educational and psychological.! Preparing to Counsel Clients of different Religious Backgrounds: a Phenomenological Approach clearly defined boundaries the of!, me, and the other an Existential Approach to Counsel Clients of different Religious Backgrounds a... – individuals are part of what is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of is... Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services and perception between the East and West Sufi.

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